Solving eye problems.
Western PA Eye Institute
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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is pressure in the eyeball which over time can lead to decreased vision and possibly blindness.  Glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, causes decreased vision by damaging the optic nerve.  There are many different types of glaucoma with the most common type being primary open angle (chronic open angle) glaucoma.

At the Western Pennsylvania Eye Institute we have some of the most advanced testing equipment to measure the actual thickness of the nerve fiber layer that surrounds the optic nerve.  Glaucoma is also followed with visual field testing and routine intraocular pressure testing. We often test corneal thickness which, if found to be thinner than normal, can lead doctors to falsely believe that pressure readings are normal when they really are not.

If left untreated glaucoma can be a devastating eye disease, but with treatment most patients are able to stop the progression of glaucoma.  Most people do this with eye drops alone, but we also perform laser therapy. In more advanced cases of glaucoma, we perform trabeculectomy and other surgical procedures, including state-of-the-art ExPress Shunt implants to bring intraocular pressures under control and decrease the loss of vision from glaucoma.

Although glaucoma can develop at any age, as one gets older the incidence of glaucoma increases.  We highly recommend an examination for glaucoma as one enters their thirties and early forties, especially if there is a family history or other risk factors.